Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(2), 347 (2021).

Sensitive Gas Chromatography Detection of Nanomolar Hydroxylamine in Environmental Water by Fe(III) Oxidation
Aiko HIKINO,*1 Shogo SUGAHARA,*1 Toshikuni KATO,*2 Yukiko SENGA,*3 Michiko EGAWA,*1 Ja Yeong PARK,*1 Hiroshi KAMIYA,*2 Hidekazu TANAKA,*1 and Yasushi SEIKE*4
*1 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504, Japan
*2 Shimane Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science, Matsue, Shimane 690-0122, Japan
*3 Faculty of Science, Toho University, Funabashi, Chiba 274-8510, Japan
*4 Estuary Research Center, Shimane University, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504, Japan
Nanomolar concentrations of NH2OH in natural water sources were determined using an Fe3+ oxidation method. A pH of 2.35 – 2.50 was used, which was adjusted by adding a chloroacetate buffer. Equal amounts (1.0 mL) of the chloroacetate solution and ferric chloride solution were added to the water sample (70 mL) to oxidize NH2OH to N2O. The resulting N2O in the sample water was then quantified by headspace analysis using a gas chromatograph with an electron-capture detector (ECD), where a limit of detection of 0.2 μgN L−1 (14 nmol L−1) was achieved. This method was successfully applied to samples of freshwater, brackish water, and seawater, and despite the various salinities no interfering substances were observed. Furthermore, NH2OH was successfully detected in samples collected from the Hii River and Lakes Shinji and Nakaumi (Shimane Prefecture, Japan). In addition, the proposed method was also applicable to samples rich in organic substance derived from phytoplankton.