Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(2), 267 (2021).

Silver Nanoparticles for a Colorimetric Determination of Putrescine and Cadaverine in Biological Samples
Saima Ameen GHOTO and Muhammad Yar KHUHAWAR
Institute of Advanced Research Studies and Chemical Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan
A convenient and uncomplicated scheme has been projected for the quantitative determination of essential diamines putrescine (PUT) and cadaverine (CAD) via sodium dodecyl sulfate protected silver nanoparticles (SDS-AgNPs). This scheme is based on the chemical interaction of a SDS-AgNPs probe with PUT and CAD, leading to a color change from yellow to red or reddish brown. The interaction was investigated through different techniques such as using a UV-visible spectrophotometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), dynamic light scattering spectroscopy (DLS) and the zeta potential. Both amines possess a close resemblance in structure (except for the addition of one more methylene group in CAD), and no any distinguishable color change was noted. However, the maximum absorption band at 580 and 600 nm was demonstrated for PUT and CAD correspondingly. The methodical response was observed at absorption ratios of 580/410 and 600/410 nm, with the linear regression within 4 – 12 and 6 – 14 μg/mL for PUT and CAD. The detection limits calculated for both the diamines PUT and CAD were 0.333 and 1.638 μg/mL. The scheme was successfully applied for determinations in biological samples, including spiked blood plasma and urine. Putrescine exhibited % recovery within 95.717 – 105.200%, while cadaverine was within 95.940 – 105.109%, respectively. The scheme was reproducible and precise with inter-day RSD (n = 5) within 1.126, 0.018% and the intraday RSD (n = 5) was within 0.005, 0.002% for PUT and CAD, respectively.