Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(10), 1391 (2021).

Adsorption Properties and Electron-transfer Rates of a Redox Probe at Different Interfaces of an Immunoassay Assembled on an Electro-active Photonic Platform
Jafar H. GHITHAN,* Monica MORENO,** Robert S. KEYNTON,** Martin G. O’TOOLE,** and Sergio B. MENDES*
*Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40208, USA
**Department of Bioengineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40208, USA
Physical and chemical properties of a redox protein adsorbed to different interfaces of a multilayer immunoassay assembly were studied using a single-mode, electro-active, integrated optical waveguide (SM-EA-IOW) platform. For each interface of the immunoassay assembly (indium tin oxide, 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane, recombinant protein G, antibody, and bovine serum albumin) the surface density, the adsorption kinetics, and the electron-transfer rate of bound species of the redox-active cytochrome c (Cyt-C) protein were accurately quantified at very low surface concentrations of redox species (from 0.4 to 4% of a full monolayer) using a highly sensitive optical impedance spectroscopy (OIS) technique based on measurements obtained with the SM-EA-IOW platform. The technique is shown here to provide quantitative insights into an important immunoassay assembly for characterization and understanding of the mechanisms of electron transfer rate, the affinity strength of molecular binding, and the associated bio-selectivity. Such methodology and acquired knowledge are crucial for the development of novel and advanced immuno-biosensors.