Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(10), 1379 (2021).

Ion-Transfer Voltammetry at Fluorous Ether | Water Interfaces
Kohei UEMATSU,* Yuka MATSUBARA,* Hajime KATANO,* and Toshiyuki OSAKAI**
*Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Fukui Prefectural University, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1195, Japan
**Department of Chemistry, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
This paper describes that fluorous ethers, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether and 1H,1H,5H-octafluoropentyl-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether, can be used for a non-aqueous medium in electrochemistry at a liquid | liquid interface. These solvents dissolved a high concentration of tetraalkylammonium salts with highly-fluorinated anions, such as bis(nonafluorobutanesulfonyl)imide and tetrakis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate ions, and the solution had a high conductivity. The fluorous ether | water interfaces exhibited a substantial polarizable potential window, and various ions, including tetraphenylarsonium and tetraphenylborate ions, gave a reversible voltammetric wave due to their ion transfer across the interfaces. Using the tetraphenylarsonium-tetraphenylborate assumption, the formal potentials for the ion transfer and the formal Gibbs energies of ion transfer from the ethers to water were estimated. The Gibbs energies were close to those from a previously reported fluorous solvent, 1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane; the fluorous ethers also exhibited a higher affinity for fluorinated ions. Because of a lower volatility, the fluorous ethers would be more advantageously used in two-phase electrochemistry, particularly concerning analytical purposes.