Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(8), 959 (2020).

Electrochemical Molecular Beacon for Nucleic Acid Sensing in a Homogeneous Solution
Yusuke KITAMURA, Kotaro MISHIO, Pelin ARSLAN, Boui IKEDA, Chiharu IMOTO, Yousuke KATSUDA, and Toshihiro IHARA
Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Chuo, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan
Ferrocene (Fc) and β-cyclodextrin (βCyD) were modified at each end of stem-loop structured DNA as an electrochemical signal generator and its quencher, respectively, to give an electrochemical molecular beacon (eMB). A relatively high efficiency of signal quenching was achieved by an inclusion complex (βCyD ⊃ Fc) formation that was induced on the stem structure of the closed form (= stem-loop structure) of eMB. With the addition of target DNA, the structure of eMB opened to form a linear duplex, where the Fc dissociated from the βCyD to restore its intrinsic electrochemical signal. The signal contrast of the electric current for this off/on-type sensor was high, ca. 95. This technique did not require any modification of the electrode surface, and it realized the detection of the target nucleic acids in a homogeneous solution with a high sensitivity using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with electrochemical detector.