Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(5), 583 (2020).

Potential of Carboxymethylated Polyallylamine as a Functional Group on Chelating Resin for Solid-Phase Extraction of Trace Elements
Shigehiro KAGAYA,* Yumi SAEKI,* Daiki MORISHIMA,* Takehiro KAJIWARA,* Waka KAMICHATANI,** Hideyuki YANAI,** Toshifumi KATOH,** Mitsuru SAITO,** Makoto GEMMEI-IDE,* and Yoshinori INOUE*
*Faculty of Engineering, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-8555, Japan
**Research and Development Center, Nippon Filcon Co., Ltd., Inagi, Tokyo 206-8577, Japan
New chelating resins immobilizing carboxymethylated polyallylamine (CM-PAA) were prepared by immobilizing PAAs with some molecular weights on methacrylate resins and then carboxymethylating a part of amino groups in the PAAs using various amounts of sodium monochloroacetate. The molecular weight of PAA barely affected both the amount of PAA immobilized on the resin and the relationship between the carboxymethylation (CM) rate and the ratio of the amount of monochloroacetate used in the CM step. The selectivity of CM-PAA resin for solid-phase extraction of trace elements was almost the same as that of a resin immobilizing carboxylymethylated polyethyleneimine; 10 elements, namely Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ti, V, and Zn, could be quantitatively recovered over a wide pH range and alkali and alkaline earth elements were scarcely extracted under acidic and neutral conditions. The CM-PAA resin was applicable to the separation and preconcentration of the elements in a certified reference material (Waste Water, EU-L-1) and a real environmental water sample (ground water).