Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(9), 967 (2019).

Polyadenine-mediated Immobilization of Aptamers on a Gold Substrate for the Direct Detection of Bacterial Pathogens
Wen-Wen WANG, Xiao HAN, and Li-Qiang CHU
College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, No. 29, 13th Avenue, TEDA, Tianjin 300457, China
Nucleic acid aptamers have been widely used as synthetic probes for bioanalytical applications. Herein, we carried out a detailed study on the immobilization of a series of aptamers ranging from 37 to 88 bases, which are specific to either Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), on a planar gold substrate via a polyadenine-mediated immobilization method. The resultant surfaces were characterized by both surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results clearly show that the aptamer solution at a lower ionic strength gives rise to a higher lateral density of the aptamer when compared to that at a higher ionic strength. The SPR aptasensors are then employed for detecting their corresponding bacteria (i.e., E. coli and S. aureus, respectively). The data indicate that the SPR aptasensor with a higher density of aptamer exhibits a better capture of target bacteria.