Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(8), 929 (2019).

Electrochemiluminescence Quenching Sensor of a Carboxylic Carbon Nanotubes Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode for Detecting Crystal Violet Based on Nitrogen-doped Graphene Quantum Dots@Peroxydisulfate System
Xiaohui CHEN,* Xuelin SHAN,** Qiufeng LAN,** and Zhidong CHEN**
*School of Chemistry and Material Engineering, Changzhou Vocational Institute of Engineering, Changzhou 213164, P. R. China
**School of Materials Science & Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, P. R. China
In this work, the electrochemiluminscence system of nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) and K2S2O8 was built for the determination of crystal violet (CV). Meanwhile, a carboxylic carbon nanotubes modified glassy carbon electrode (CCNTs/GCE) was used as an ECL sensor. Thanks to the excellent electron transfer ability and large surface area of CCNTs, the ECL signal of N-GQDs@S2O82− was remarkablely amplified. With the presence of a low concentration of CV, a distinct decrease of the ECL signal was observed due to a quenching effect of CV on the ECL emission. Moreover, the quenched ECL intensity responded linearly to the logarithm of CV concentration within the range of 0.05 – 5 μmol/L, with a LOD of 45 nmol/L (S/N = 3). The proposed ECL system exhibited high sensitivity and specificity to CV, which was successfully applied in the practical detection of CV in real water samples from a local fishpond farm.