Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(8), 923 (2019).

Deoxyribonucleic-acid-sensitive Polycrystalline Diamond Solution-gate Field-effect Transistor with a Carboxyl-terminated Boron-doped Channel
Yukihiro SHINTANI,* Shoji IBORI,* and Hiroshi KAWARADA*,**
*School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
**Kagami Memorial Laboratory for Materials Science and Technology, Waseda University, 2-8-26 Nishiwaseda, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-0051, Japan
This paper describes a deoxyribonucleic-acid-sensitive electrolyte solution-gate field-effect transistor (SGFET) sensor utilizing a partial carboxyl-terminated boron-doped polycrystalline diamond surface as a linker to connect a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) probe. A high density of carboxyl termination on the polycrystalline diamond surface that was employed as a FET channel was achieved using a vacuum ultraviolet system with oxygen gas. A single-stranded DNA probe was immobilized on the polycrystalline diamond channel via amino coupling. The current–voltage characteristics of the polycrystalline diamond SGFET sensor was examined with bias voltages within its potential voltage window. The characteristics of the drain-source current verses the drain-source voltage showed a pinch-off, a shift voltage of up to 40 mV with a coefficient of variation of 4 – 11% was obtained between hybridization and denaturation. In addition, a single nucleotide mutation of DNA sequence was selectively recognized by the shift voltage up to ca. 10 mV.