Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(5), 517 (2019).

Microdetermination of Sialic Acids in Blood Samples by Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography Coupled to Post-column Derivatization and Fluorometric Detection
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
An analytical method for the determination of sialic acids in biological samples has been developed and applied to fetal bovine serum (FBS), newborn calf serum and adult bovine serum. The hydrolysis of sera was carried out and the liberated sialic acids were quantified using a rapid and sensitive HPLC. The HPLC includes the separation and detection of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and a fluorometric post-column reaction with 2-cyanoacetamide. The calibration graphs for Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc were linear over the range of 10 pmol – 5 nmol. The concentrations of sialic acids in FBS, newborn calf serum and adult bovine serum were 5.06, 3.79 and 1.64 mM, respectively. The ratios of Neu5Gc and Neu5Ac changed dramatically according to the development stages. The present method has a satisfactory sensitivity in the quantification of Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc in serum samples. It seems that this analytical system can therefore be applied for routine use in clinical investigations of serum sialylation changes in cancer patients.