Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(3), 315 (2019).

Quantifying Redox Dynamics of c-Type Cytochromes in a Living Cell Suspension of Dissimilatory Metal-reducing Bacteria
Xiaobo LUO,*1,*2,*4 Yundang WU,*2 Tongxu LIU,*2 Fangbai LI,*2 Xiaomin LI,*3 Dandan CHEN,*2 and Ying WANG*2
*1 Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
*2 Guangdong Institute of Eco-environmental Science & Technology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Integrated Agro-environmental Pollution Control and Management, Guangzhou 510650, China
*3 The Environmental Research Institute, MOE Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
To quickly and accurately quantify the redox dynamics of c-type cytochromes (c-Cyts) in a living cell suspension, diffuse-transmission UV/visible (DT-UV/Vis) and normal UV/Vis spectroscopy were used to record spectra of c-Cyts in living Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 bacteria. DT-UV/Vis showed a higher absorbance of c-Cyts and lower background compared with normal UV/Vis, because interference from cell surface scattering was removed. The extinction coefficients of oxidized c-Cyts (410 nm) and reduced c-Cyts (419 and 552 nm) were observed. Using this method and the obtained c-Cyts extinction coefficients, the redox transformation kinetics of c-Cyts under anoxic conditions were successfully examined in the presence of various electron acceptors, including 9,10-anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid, Cr(VI), Fe(III) citrate and oxygen. Therefore, the in situ spectral analysis of outer-membrane proteins of intact cells using DT-UV/Vis spectroscopy appears a promising method for investigating microbial metal reduction processes in living cell systems.