Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(8), 959 (2018).

Fluorescence-based Polymerase Amplification for the Sensitive Detection of DNA Methyltransferase Activity
Xiao ZHANG,* Xiao-Li ZHONG,* Wen-Wen JIANG,** Si-Hao Zeng,* Ting PI,* Xiang-Juan ZHENG,* and Zhi-Mei LI*
*Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, PR China
**School of Nursing of Jiangxi University of Technology, Nanchang 330072, PR China
DNA methyltransferase (MTase) is related to transcriptional repressor activity in biological functions. It is an essential for cancer diagnosis and therapeutics to detect DNA MTase activity sensitively. Here, a fluorescent system based on polymerase amplification has been developed to detect DNA adenine MTase (Dam) activity sensitively. The amplification is triggered by the probe DNA regions a, which are the primes of a polymerase-induced replicated reaction. They come from methylation and a digestion reaction of DNA S1-S1, including a 5′-GATC-3′ sequence recognized by Dam MTase and methylation sensitive restriction endonuclease Dpn I. The intensities of fluorescence are dependent on the Dam MTase activity. The method shows fine sensitivity with a detection limit of 3.2 × 10−4 U mL−1 and specificity for Dam MTase. In human serum samples, the method has been successfully applied, and it has also been used to screen the inhibitors, which means that the developed method can be a powerful and potential tool for drug development and clinical diagnosis in the future.