Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(3), 297 (2018).

Magnetic Dual-template Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Nanoparticles for the Simultaneous Determination of Acetaminophen and Codeine in Urine Samples by Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Mohammad T. JAFARI, Behzad REZAEI, and Hajar BAHRAMI
Department of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran
Dual-template magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles were synthesized and used for the solid-phase extraction of acetaminophen and codeine before simultaneous determination by corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry. The magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles were prepared using silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles as supporters, acetaminophen and codeine as template molecules, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and phenyltriethoxysilane as functional monomers, and tetraethoxysilane as a cross-linker. The obtained molecularly imprinted polymer was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The adsorption performance of the imprinted polymers was studied by a series of experiments, indicating a satisfactory recognition ability of products for acetaminophen and codeine. The detection limits of 0.05 and 0.12 μg mL−1, and the dynamic range of 0.20 – 2.0 and 0.40 – 3.0 μg mL−1 were achieved for acetaminophen and codeine, respectively. The proposed method was used for simultaneous determinations of acetaminophen and codeine in urine samples, and the corresponding recoveries were calculated in the range of 87 – 94%. These satisfactory results revealed the ability of the method for a routine analysis of acetaminophen and codeine, simultaneously.