Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 33(11), 1305 (2017).

Comparison of the Extractabilities of Tetrachloro- and Tetrabromopalladate(II) Ions with a Thiodiglycolamide Compound
Hirokazu NARITA,* Motoki MAEDA,*,** Chiharu TOKORO,** Tomoya SUZUKI,* Mikiya TANAKA,* Ryuhei MOTOKAWA,*** Hideaki SHIWAKU,*** and Tsuyoshi YAITA***
*Environmental Management Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan
**Department of Earth Science, Resources and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Creative Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
***Materials Sciences Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan
Using N,N,N′,N′-tetra-2-ethylhexyl-thiodiglycolamide (TEHTDGA) in n-dodecane as the extractant, we compared the percentages of Pd(II) extracted from HCl and HBr solutions, and analyzed the structures of the Pd(II)–extractant complexes. For comparison, similar experiments were performed with di-n-hexyl sulfide (DHS), a well-known sulfide-type extractant. TEHTDGA extracted Pd(II) from both HCl and HBr solutions much faster than DHS. The Pd(II)/(TEHTDGA or DHS) stoichiometry in the organic phase was 1:2. For TEHTDGA, the extractability of Pd(II) from HBr solution was inferior to that from HCl solution, whereas the opposite was true for DHS. However, FT-IR spectroscopy and EXAFS measurements indicated that the inner-sphere structure of Pd(II) in the TEHTDGA complex was almost the same as that in the DHS system: in both cases, two of the halide ions in the tetrachloro- or tetrabromopalladate(II) ion were replaced by the sulfur atoms of two extractant molecules.