Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 32(8), 819 (2016).

A Simple and Sensitive Method for Auramine O Detection Based on the Binding Interaction with Bovin Serum Albumin
Jingjing YAN,* Xin HUANG,* Shaopu LIU,* Jidong YANG,** Yusheng YUAN,* Ruilin DUAN,* Hui ZHANG,* and Xiaoli HU*
*Key Laboratory of Luminescent and Real-Time Analytical Chemistry (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
**College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Wanzhou, Chongqing 404100, China
A simple, rapid and effective method for auramine O (AO) detection was proposed by fluorescence and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. In the BR buffer system (pH 7.0), AO had a strong quenching ability to the fluorescence of bovin serum albumin (BSA) by dynamic quenching. In terms of the thermodynamic parameters calculated as ΔH > 0 and ΔS > 0, the resulting binding of BSA and AO was mainly attributed to the hydrophobic interaction forces. The linearity of this method was in the concentration range from 0.16 to 50 μmol L−1 with a detection limit of 0.05 μmol L−1. Based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), the distance r (1.36 nm) between donor (BSA) and acceptor (AO) was obtained. Furthermore, the effects of foreign substances and ionic strength were evaluated under the optimum reaction conditions. BSA as a selective probe could be applied to the analysis of AO in medicines with satisfactory results.