Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 32(5), 557 (2016).

Difference between Consensus Value of Participants’ Results and Isotope-Dilution Mass Spectrometric Results in Proficiency Testing for Pesticide Residues in Husked Wheat
Takashi YARITA, Takamitsu OTAKE, Yoshie AOYAGI, Masahiko NUMATA, and Akiko TAKATSU
National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8563, Japan
Proficiency testing was organized by the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) as a measure of analytical competency in the quantification of pesticide residues in husked wheat powder. Seventy-one participants submitted analytical concentrations of the target pesticides (diazinon, fenitrothion, malathion, and etofenprox) along with details of the analytical method employed. Two types of assigned values were obtained for each target pesticide, i.e., the participants’ analytical results and the results obtained by NMIJ based on isotope-dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS). The former values were lower than the latter due to the incomplete recovery yield of the target pesticides during the pretreatment process. The discrepancy between the two assigned values was particularly pronounced for malathion because of the longer duration of water-soaking used for the test samples. Two corresponding types of z-scores were then calculated to evaluate the analytical performance of the participants, where the z1-score indicates the performance of a participant relative to all participants, and the z2-score indicates the relative deviation of the analytical results of the participant from the IDMS value.