Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 28(9), 893 (2012).

Human Serum Albumin-modified Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles for Affinity-SALDI-MS of Small-Molecule Drugs in Biological Liquids
Yuichi IWAKI, Hideya KAWASAKI, and Ryuichi ARAKAWA
Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Chemistry, Materials and Bioengineering, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan
Here, we report on the use of human serum albumin (HSA)-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) (HSA-Fe3O4 NPs) for affinity-SALDI-MS of small drugs in human biological liquids. We demonstrated that HSA-Fe3O4 NPs effectively captured small drugs from human urine and serum via the interactions between HSA and these drugs. The drugs adsorbed on HSA could then be identified by directly introducing the HSA-Fe3O4 NPs into a mass spectrometer for SALDI-MS analysis. The ability of HSA to interact with multiple small drugs facilitated the simultaneous detection of a 4-drug-mixture in serum, viz., phenytoin, ibuprofen, camptothecin, and warfarin sodium, by affinity-SALDI-MS using HSA-Fe3O4 NPs. In contrast, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) with an organic matrix could detect only warfarin sodium. We also demonstrated the capacity of affinity-SALDI-MS to quantify warfarin sodium in urine samples across a range of 50 – 1000 μM (R2 = 0.998) when using HSA-Fe3O4 NPs. The detection sensitivity was further improved to a range of 5 – 100 μM (R2 = 0.999) by using denatured HSA. The open structure of denatured HSA may enhance the effective extraction of small drugs from biological liquids, and increase the detection-sensitivity of affinity-SALDI-MS. Affinity-SALDI-MS using protein-modified Fe3O4 NPs can open up new approaches to the analytical detection of small drugs in biological liquids by SALDI-MS.