Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 27(9), 943 (2011).

Reversed-Phase Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Microextraction with Multivariate Optimization for Sensitive HPLC Determination of Tyrosol and Hydroxytyrosol in Olive Oil
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran
A reversed-phase dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (RP-DLLME) method coupled to HPLC was developed for the extraction of hydroxytyrosol (HTy) and tyrosol (Ty) from virgin olive oil. In this first application of the RP-DLLME method to non-polar samples, the phenolic compounds were directly extracted into an aqueous micro-drop, which could be injected into a chromatography column without any further pretreatment. A glass test tube with lengthened conical bottom was fitted inside a centrifuge tube in this work for more efficient withdrawal of the sedimented phase with a microsyringe. The volumes of water and ethyl acetate, the pH of water and the centrifuge time as four effective parameters on the extraction were optimized by a central composite design (response surface) method. Five replicated analyses under the optimized conditions (i.e., 0.2 mL ethyl acetate as disperser and 100 μL water at pH 11 as the extraction solvent) resulted in recoveries of 104.3 and 97.6%, and relative standard deviations of 5.75 and 4.57 for HTy and Ty, respectively. The detection limit of the method (3σ) was 0.043 mg L−1 for HTy and 0.032 mg L−1 for Ty. The method was successfully applied to the determination of HTy and Ty in five olive oil samples.