Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 27(9), 937 (2011).

A Simple and Sensitive Assay of Gallic Acid Based on Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Light Scattering of Silver Nanoparticles through Modified Tollens Process
Huiying WANG,* Dinglong CHEN,* Yongju WEI,** Yongfang CHANG,* and Jianlu ZHAO*
*College of Chemical Engineering, Shijiazhuang University, Shijiazhuang 050035, P. R. China
**College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, P. R. China
A simple, low toxic, sensitive strategy based on the localized surface plasmon resonance light scattering (LSPR-LS) properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is introduced for the detection of gallic acid (GA). It was found that the silver ammonium complex, [Ag(NH3)2]+(aq), could be reduced in the alkaline medium by GA at room temperature; this reaction formed dispersed AgNPs. Transmission electron microscopy analyses were performed to ascertain the formation of AgNPs. UV-visible spectra revealed the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption at 410 nm corresponding to the LSPR of AgNPs. On these basis, we could quantify the GA concentration in the range of 4 × 10−7 – 5 × 10−6 mol L−1 in the optimized experimental conditions. This method was used for determining the concentration of GA in artificial samples with satisfactory results. The detailed mechanism underlying this special phenomenon was elucidated.