Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 27(11), 1069 (2011).

Sequential Injection Immunoassay for Environmental Measurements
Nobuaki SOH,* Mayumi TANAKA,** Koji HIRAKAWA,** RuiQi ZHANG,** Hizuru NAKAJIMA,** Koji NAKANO,** and Toshihiko IMATO**
*Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University, 1 Honjo-Machi, Saga 840-8502, Japan
**Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Moto-oka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
Sequential injection immunoassay systems for environmental measurements based on the selective immunoreaction between antigen and antibody were described. A sequential injection analysis (SIA) technique is suitable to be applied for the procedure of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), because the washing and the addition of reagent solutions can be automated by using a computer-controlled syringe pump and switching valve. We selected vitellogenin (Vg), which is a biomarker for evaluating environmental risk caused by endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the hydrosphere, and linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) and alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APEO), which are versatile surfactants, as target analytes in the flow immunoassay systems. For Vg monitoring, SIA systems based on spectrophotometric, chemiluminescence, and electrochemical determinations were constructed. On the other hand, chemiluminescence determination was applied to the detection of LAS and APEO. For APEO, an SIA system combined with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor was also developed. These new sequential injection immunoassay systems are expected to be useful systems for environmental analysis.