Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 26(6), 675 (2010).

Nano-Molar Level Hydrogen Peroxide Detection by Horseradish Peroxidase Adsorbed Cup-Stacked Carbon Nanotube Electrodes and Applications to L-Glutamate Detection
Tatsuo NODA,* Tadao UKAI,** and Toshio YAO***
*Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
**Osaka Factory, Mitsui Chemicals, 1-6 Takasago, Takaishi, Osaka 592-0001, Japan
***Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuencho, Naka, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
We have developed a simple fabrication method of a highly sensitive direct electron transfer-type electrochemical biosensor for hydrogen peroxide by use of cup-stacked carbon nanotubes (CSCNTs). The CSCNTs, formed by stacking of cup-shaped carbon units, has larger internal space and more hydrophilic edges, thanks to the presence of functional groups containing oxygen (e.g., –COOH, –OH), than multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). When the CSCNTs suspension was cast, the CSCNTs were dispersed homogeneously onto a glassy carbon (GC) electrode, and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized firmly by physical adsorption without any chemical reactions. The flow injection analysis (FIA) system with the HRP/CSCNTs/GC electrode has superior sensitivity and stability to the HRP/MWCNTs/GC electrode. The detection limit was 0.75 nM (S/N = 3) and the activity was maintained over 85% for 21 days. Further, when the glutamate oxidase (GlOD)-immobilized reactor was set into the proposed FIA system, L-glutamate could be detected repeatedly with a detection limit of 1.2 nM (S/N = 3).