Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 26(12), 1247 (2010).

Acid-Base Behavior of Rhodamine B in a Reversed Micellar Medium of Cetyltrimethylammonium Chloride in 1-Hexanol–Cyclohexane/Water
Tamer H. A. HASANIN, Satoshi TSUKAHARA, and Terufumi FUJIWARA
Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
The acid-base behavior of rhodamine B (RB) in reversed micellar solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) in 1-hexanol–cyclohexane/water was investigated through absorption and fluorescence measurements under varying the hydrogen-ion concentration in a water pool, the mole fraction of 1-hexanol in a bulk solvent and the water to surfactant molar concentration ratio. RB exhibited equilibria between the cationic, zwitterion and lactone forms of the dye as a cause of the spectral changes, indicating a change in the RB distribution among the reversed micellar water pool, interface and bulk solvent. Furthermore, RB was used as a probe to develop a method for determining the critical micelle concentration (CMC) in CTAC solutions. Abrupt variations in the intensities and wavelengths of the absorption and emission maxima of RB were observed at the CMC. The standard free energy of micellization was also evaluated from the CMC data.