Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 25(4), 487 (2009).

Simultaneous Determination of the Textile Dyes in Industrial Effluents by First-Order Derivative Spectrophotometry
Vitor C. ALMEIDA, Alexandro M. M. VARGAS, Juliana C. GARCIA, Ervim LENZI, Cláudio C. OLIVEIRA, and Jorge NOZAKI*
Departamento de Química, Universidade Estadual de Maringá Avenida Colombo, 5790, DQI, Maringá, PR 87020-900, Brazil
A first-order derivative spectrophotometric method for the simultaneous determination of three textile dyes, Procion Yellow HE4R, Procion Red HE7B and Remazol Black 5 (RB5), has been developed. The effects of pH, heating and ionic strength of the solution on the absorption spectra of the dyes were investigated. The wavelengths selected for the measures of the derivative signals of HE4R (395 nm), HE7B (604 nm) and RB5 (659 nm) presented these coefficients of linear correlation: 0.9978, 0.9992 and 0.9999, and these detection limits: 0.180, 0.317 and 0.0233 mg L-1, respectively. The reliability and reproducibility of the method were tested and showed recovery values of 95.7 to 109%. The proposed method was applied for the determination of dyes in binary and ternary mixtures of textile effluents and showed an estimate of the loss of dyes for the effluents between 6.67 and 28.9%.