Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 24(12), 1545 (2008).

Distribution of Lead in Lead-accumulating Pteridophyte Blechnum niponicum, Measured by Synchrotron Radiation Micro X-ray Fluorescence
Hirofumi KODERA,* Hiroshi NISHIOKA,* Yasuji MURAMATSU,* and Yasuko TERADA**
* Department of Material Science, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, 2167 Shosha, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2201, Japan
** Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan
The distribution of lead (Pb) accumulated in the pteridophyte Blechnum niponicum, a Pb-hyperaccumulator, was measured using synchrotron-radiation micro X-ray fluorescence (SR-µ-XRF) at BL37XU of SPring-8. From two-dimensional (2D) imagings of Pb at the root, petiole, leaf vein, pinna epidermis and sorus in the Blechnum niponicum, the mechanism for the transportation and accumulation of Pb can be suggested to be as follows: Lead is accumulated in conductive tissues. Most of the Pb solubilized in the rhizosphere is fixed in the conductive tissue, with the remainder being transported with the transpiration stream to the above-ground parts of the plant. Lead transported to the upper parts of the plant ultimately remains at the terminal points of the transpiration stream, including the stomatal apparatus and water pores; it was shown that these sections contain high concentrations of Pb.