Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(6), 883 (2006).

Determination of Amino Acids in Tobacco Samples by Capillary Electrophoresis/Indirect Absorbance Detection with Isolation of the Electrolysis Compartment and p-Aminobenzoic Acid as a Background Electrolyte
Guo-Ni FU, You-Zhao HE, Lei WANG, and Xiao-Kui WANG
Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, P. R. China
A fast, convenient and sensitive method of capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and indirect UV detection was proposed for the determination of 16 amino acids. p-Aminobenzoic acid (PAB) was selected as a background electrolyte (BGE). An isolated cell included a BGE buffer part and an electrode buffer one, which were jointed with a glass frit. The isolated cell can prevent PAB from the electrode reaction and improve the stability of the detection baseline. The separation conditions of amino acids were investigated, such as different BGEs, BGE concentration, buffer pH and electroosmotic flow (EOF) modifiers. Under the selected separation conditions, 14 amino acid peaks could be separated in 12 min. The detection limits of the amino acids were in the range of 1.7 - 4.5 µmol/L. The isolated cell is suitable for reagents reacting on the electrodes in capillary electrophoresis. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of the amino acids in tobacco samples.