Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(5), 691 (2006).

Microdetermination of Double-stranded DNA by Linear Sweep Voltammetry with Phenosafranine
Wei SUN, Jiayu YOU, Xuan HU, and Kui JIAO
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, The People's Republic of China
A novel voltammetric method for the determination of microamounts of fish sperm double-stranded (ds) DNA based on its interaction with phenosafranine (PSF) is proposed in this paper. In a pH 3.5 Britton-Robinson (B-R) buffer solution, PSF had a well-defined second-order derivative linear-sweep voltammetric reductive peak at -0.32 V (vs. SCE) on a mercury electrode. After the addition of dsDNA into the PSF solution, the reductive peak current decreased significantly without a shift of the peak potential, and no new peak appeared. The experiment results showed that a new supramolecular complex was formed after the interaction of dsDNA with PSF, which resulted in a decrease of the diffusion coefficient, and then a decrease of the reductive peak current. The interaction conditions and the electrochemical detection conditions were carefully investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the decrease of the peak current was proportional to the dsDNA concentration in the range 1.0 - 40.0 µg/mL with the linear regression equation ΔIp″(nA) = 32.59C(µg/mL) - 4.03 (n = 13, γ = 0.998) and a detection limit of 0.25 µg/mL (3 σ). The interaction mechanism was considered based on the aggregation of the dsDNA-PSF supramolecular complex; the stoichiometry of this supramolecular complex was calculated based on voltammetric data with a binding number of 3 and a binding constant of 2.76 × 1012. This method was successfully applied to the determination of synthetic samples and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product of the nopaline synthase gene (NOS) DNA from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) with satisfactory results.