Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(12), 1509 (2006).

Rapid and Highly Sensitive Determination of Low-Molecular-Weight Carbonyl Compounds in Drinking Water and Natural Water by Preconcentration HPLC with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine
Kazuhiko TAKEDA, Shinya KATOH, Nobutake NAKATANI, and Hiroshi SAKUGAWA
Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8521, Japan
The aim of this research was to develop a simple procedure for a highly sensitive determination of low-molecular-weight (LMW) carbonyl compounds in drinking water and natural water. We employed a preconcentration HPLC system with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) for the determination of LMW carbonyl compounds. A C-18 reverse-phase preconcentration column was used instead of a sample loop at the sample injection valve. A 0.1 - 5.0 mL portion of the derivatized sample solution was injected with a gas-tight syringe, and a 15% acetonitrile aqueous solution was pushed through the preconcentration column to remove the unreacted excess DNPH, which caused serious interference in the determination of formaldehyde. The detection limits were 1 - 3 nM with a relative standard deviation of 2 - 5% for 20 nM standard solutions (n = 5). The calibration curves were essentially unaffected by coexisting sea salts. Applications to commercial mineral water, tap water, river water, pond water and seawater are presented.