Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(9), 1111 (2005).

Rapid Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the Gas Phase with Resonance-enhanced Two-photon Ionization: Optimal Injection of Ions into the Ion-trap Storage/Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer
Shinsaku DOBASHI,*1 Masaharu KIRA,*2 Ryuichiro TANAKA,*3 Yoshinori IZAWA,*3 Yoshihiro DEGUCHI,*1 Takahiro KUBOTA,*1 Akihide WADA,*4 and Michikazu HARA*4
*1 Nagasaki R&D Center, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., 5-717-1 Fukahori-machi, Nagasaki 851-0392, Japan
*2 Machinery Headquarters, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., 16-5 Konan 2-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8215, Japan
*3 Nagasaki Shipyard & Machinery Works, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., 1-1 Akunoura-machi, Nagasaki 850-8610, Japan
*4 Chemical Resources Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 184-8584, Japan
LI-IT-TOFMS (laser ionization/ion-trap storage/time-of-flight mass spectrometry) is expected to be a powerful tool for environmental monitoring. In the research reported here, real-time LI-IT-TOFMS measurements were carried out on gaseous 2 - 4 chlorinated PCBs in order to evaluate the applicability of an environmental monitoring method. With respect to ion-trap storage for PCBs, we found that the effect was due to the driving RF voltage on the ring electrode in the ion trap. For PCBs ions produced by laser irradiation, we observed that it was more efficient to reach the center of the ion trap by using a gated RF voltage rather than by using a continuous RF voltage. The ion trajectories in the ion trap were simulated by SIMION 7.0. We found that the voltage of the exit end cap electrode affected both the number of ions trapped and the orbit of ions inside the trap cell. Optimization of this parameter was performed using both simulated and experimental results. The achievable PCBs sensitivity for real-time (1 min) measurement using the LI-IT-TOFMS method was found to be in the pptV range (<0.01 mg/m3N) by means of a comparison with the conventional gas sampling/GS-MS method. A satisfactory proportional relationship was confirmed between the laser-based and conventional results.