Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(9), 1063 (2005).

Flotation-Separation and ICP-AES Determination of Ultra Trace Amounts of Copper, Cadmium, Nickel and Cobalt Using 2-Aminocyclopentene-1-dithiocarboxylic Acid
Mojtaba SHAMSIPUR,* Omid Reza HASHEMI,** and Afsaneh SAFAVI***
*Department of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
**Department of Chemistry, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
***Department of Chemistry, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
A rapid flotation method for separation and enrichment of ultra trace amounts of copper(II), cadmium(II), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) ions from water samples is established. At pH 6.5 and with sodium dodecylsulfate used as a foaming reagent, Cu2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ and Co2+ were separated simultaneously with 2-aminocyclopentene-1-dithiocarboxylic acid (ACDA) added to 1 l of aqueous solution. The proposed procedure of preconcentration is applied prior to the determination of these four analytes using inductivity coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The effects of pH, concentration of ACDA, applicability of different surfactants and foreign ions on the separation efficiency were investigated. The preconcentration factor of the method is 1000 and the detection limits of copper(II), cadmium(II), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) ions are 0.078, 0.075, 0.072 and 0.080 ng ml-1, respectively.