Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(6), 647 (2005).

Determination of Cadmium in Spring Water by Graphite-Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Coprecipitation with Ytterbium Hydroxide
Kousuke ATSUMI, Tomoharu MINAMI, and Joichi UEDA
Faculty of Education, Kanazawa University, Kakumamachi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
A coprecipitation method with ytterbium hydroxide was studied for the determination of cadmium in water samples by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Up to 40 ng of cadmium in water samples was quantitatively coprecipitated with ytterbium hydroxide at pH 8.0 - 11.2. The concentration factor was 100 fold. The coprecipitated cadmium was sensitively determined without any influence of ytterbium and the calibration curve was linear from 0.1 to 4 ng/mL of cadmium. The detection limit (signal/noise = 2) was 2.9 pg/mL in 100 mL of the initial sample solution. Twenty-nine diverse ions tested did not interfere with the determination in at least a 10000-fold mass ratio to cadmium. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of cadmium in spring water.