Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(4), 465 (2005).

Control-free Air Vent System for Ultra-low Volume Sample Injection on a Microfabricated Device
Nae Yoon LEE,* Masumi YAMADA,* and Minoru SEKI**
*Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
**Department of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuen-cho, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
An improved method of sample injection was demonstrated for introducing ultra-low volume liquid on a microfabricated device. In our previous study, a pressure-driven injection method has been introduced and was applied to on-chip electrophoresis. In this study, the need for control of the air vent, which was indispensable for sample injection in the previous study, was completely eliminated, facilitating sample injection with great simplicity and high accuracy. This was realized by altering the topology of the air vent channel, which is connected to a hydrophobic and narrow channel (called a passive valve). Several types of air vent channels were designed and their injection performances were tested. In addition, by modifying the shape and the position of air vent channel and passive valve, the residual liquid volume inside the passive valve after sample injection was decreased to approximately 0.5% of the injected volume, a value which showed high reproducibility.