Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(3), 281 (2005).

Adsorption Behavior of Metal Ions onto a Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) Membrane Monitored by Means of an Electrode-Separated Piezoelectric Quartz Crystal
Chikaaki MIZUNO, Shanhu BAO, Teruo HINOUE, and Toshiaki NOMURA
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 3-1-1, Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan
The interaction between metal ions and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by using a piezoelectric quartz crystal (PQC) arranged in the electrode-separated configuration. A silanized surface of the PQC was coated with a BSA membrane via a coupling reaction with glutaraldehyde. The frequency shifts obtained from PQC coated with a BSA membrane suggested that various kinds of metal ions could be adsorbed onto the BSA membrane from aqueous solutions containing a low concentration of metal ions (2 or 10 µmol dm-3), only when the BSA was denatured with an alkaline solution. Anionic species of Pt(IV) and Au(III) were adsorbed onto the denatured BSA membrane from an acetic acid solution at pH 2.2, and cationic species of Cd(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Ag(I), and cations, such as Ca2+, Ba2+, and Mg2+, were adsorbed from ammonia buffer at pH 9.5, whereas Al(III), Cr(III), Fe(III), Hg(II), and Pb(II) were hardly adsorbed. The adsorption mechanisms of these metal ions are discussed, based on the electrostatic interaction between the metal ions and the denatured BSA membrane, and complex formation between the metal ions and amino acid residues of the denatured BSA. Further, the PQC coated with a denatured BSA membrane was applied to the determination of Pt and Cd, using large frequency shifts for Pt(IV) and Cd(II).