Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 20(4), 689 (2004).

Simplification and Evaluation of a Gold-deposited SPR Optical Fiber Sensor
Masaru MITSUSHIO and Morihide HIGO
Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
The structure of the sensing element of a gold-deposited optical fiber sensor was simplified and quantitative analyses of various alcohols with the sensor showed improvement of the performance. The sensor uses surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at the interface of a sample solution and a thin (10 - 70 nm) gold film deposited on half of the exposed core of the optical fiber. The sensor with a film thickness of 45 nm can detect a small change of 5.6 × 10-5 refractive index (RI) units in the refractivity. The response time is less than 0.5 min and the relative standard deviation for measurements is less than or equal to 1%. A straight line with a correlation coefficient of 0.9995 was obtained below 10%, v/v in the calibration curve for methanol solutions of benzyl alcohol. The minimum of the response curve due to the maximum excitation of SPR in the refractivity range from 1.33 to 1.44 RI units shifts to a lower refractivity as the film becomes thicker. The response curves of the sensors were calculated from SPR theoretical equations while considering of the distribution in the thickness of the deposited gold films. The improvement in the performance of the sensor is discussed.