Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 20(4), 635 (2004).

Direct Electrochemistry of Xanthine Oxidase at a Gold Electrode Modified with Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
Liang WANG*,** and Zhuobin YUAN*,**
*Institute of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School, The Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100039, P. R. China
**Institute of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School, University of Science and Technology of China, Beijing, 100039, P. R. China
The direct electrochemistry of xanthine oxidase (XOD) was accomplished at a gold electrode modified with single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). A pair of well-defined redox peaks was obtained for XOD with the reduction peak potential at -0.478 V and a peak potential separation of 28 mV at pH 7.0. Both FT-IR spectra and the dependence of the reduction peak current on the scan rate revealed that XOD adsorbed onto the SWNT surfaces. The redox wave corresponds to the redox center of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) of the XOD adsorbate. Compared to other types of carbonaceous electrode materials, the electron transfer rate of XOD redox reaction was greatly enhanced at the SWNT-modified electrode. The peak potential was shown to be pH dependent. Spectral methods verified that the attachment of XOD onto SWNTs does not perturb the XOD conformations drastically.