Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 20(11), 1515 (2004).

Magnetic Field Enhanced Microextraction Rate of Europium(III) with 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone and Oxalate at Dodecane-Water Interface
Satoshi TSUKAHARA,** Ayaka TAKATA,* and Hitoshi WATARAI*
*Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan
**Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
A microscopic system for the observation of reactions at a liquid-liquid interface was established, to which strong magnetic fields (0 - 0.4 T) could be applied with permanent magnets. In situ observation for the interfacial extraction of fluorescent and paramagnetic Eu(III) ion with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) in dodecane was carried out. In the presence of oxalate (ox2-), micro-aggregates of Eu(III)-tta-ox complexes were generated in the aqueous phase before its extraction. When the micro-aggregates diffused to the dodecane-water interface, Eu(tta)3 was extracted with excess Htta in the dodecane phase. The microextraction process of the aggregates was observed as random flashes of Eu(tta)3 fluorescence at the dodecane-water interface. The single flash contained about 10-16 - 10-14 mol of Eu(III). An application of magnetic fields made the flash frequency increase, which corresponded to an enhancement of interfacial Eu(III) extraction rate. The enhancement effect was attributable to the magnetophoresis of the paramagnetic micro-aggregates to the dodecane-water interface.