Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(5), 721 (2003).

Ion-Exchange Properties of Colloidal Particle Consisting of Polyaniline and Poly-(vinyl alcohol) Fixed on Silica-gel Powder
Nobutaka ENDO,  Yukari TAKEDA, Mitsuru HIGA, and Koji MATSUSAKI
Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Japan
A colloidal powder was prepared by fixing polyaniline (PANI, conducting polymer), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA, surfactant stabilizer) and a suitable dopant anion to silica-gel powder. This hydrophilic composite colloidal particle incorporates anions with the protonation of PANI in an acidic solution. The anion can be exchanged with other anions when the colloid is immersed in an acidic solution. Thus, the PANI colloid works as an ion exchanger. The ion-exchange properties on the composite colloidal powder were investigated. Anions were successfully and easily exchanged in the order Br- < Cl- < NO3- < ClO4- < SCN-. This ion-exchange selectivity corresponds largely to the ion-exchange equilibrium constants, which are based on a hydrophobic interaction between the anion and colloid. However, this ionexchange selectivity does not agree simply with the lipophilic order, but is instead explainable by a gap in the effective ion-exchange capacity due to a size effect between the micropore on the colloidal particle formed by the dopant anion in polymerization and anion sizes in the hydrophobic environment.