Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(5), 705 (2003).

Specific Extraction of Chromium as Tetrabutylammonium-Chromate and Spectrophotometric Determination by Diphenylcarbazide: Speciation of Chromium in Effluent Streams
*Analytical Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Sistan & Baluchestan University, P.O. Box 98165-181, Zahedan, Iran
**Inorganic Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Sistan & Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran
A very specific, selective, simple and inexpensive procedure was developed for the speciation of CrVI and CrIII. This method is based on the quantitative extraction of chromate and CrIII (previously oxidized to CrVI) as a tetrabutylammonium-chromate ion-pair in methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK), and then back extraction and preconcentration with an acidic diphenylcarbazide (DPC) solution. Back extraction was applied to achieve further preconcentration by a final factor of 20. The CrVI-DPC complex was determined in back-extract by a spectrophotometer at 548 nm. Under these extraction conditions, most of the probable concomitant cations and anions remained in the first inorganic phase. The calibration curve was linear up to 0.14 µg L-1 of CrVI with a detection limit of 2.22 ng L-1. The developed procedure was found to be suitable for the determination of the CrVI and CrIII species in various natural water samples with a relative standard deviation of better than 1.6%. The method was successfully applied to the speciation of chromium in spiked natural water samples, and also samples of effluent from a leather treatment plant.