Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(5), 681 (2003).

Voltammetric Method Based on an Ion-Pairing Reaction for the Determination of Trace Amount of Iodide at Carbon-Paste Electrodes
Qiong HE, Junjie FEI, and Shengshui HU 
Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, P. R. China
Carbon-paste electrodes (CPEs) were studied to elucidate the cathodic stripping voltammetric determination of iodine. At an accumulation potential of 1.0 V (vs. SCE), iodide was preconcentrated on CPEs via an ion-pairing reaction, followed by oxidation to iodine. Then a linear scan voltammogram was recorded after 10 s of quiescent time by a cathodic potential scan from 0.7 V to 0.1 V at a scan rate of 100 mV s-1. A cathodic peak current was obtained at about 0.38 V. Various experiment parameters such as the acidity, chloride concentration, accumulation potential, accumulation time, concentration of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and scan rate, were optimized to analyze the iodide by employing linear-scan stripping voltammetry. Under the optimal conditions, calibration curves were obtained over a wide concentration range of the iodide ion from 8 x 10-9 mol L-1 to 5 x 10-6 mol L-1 with a detection limit of 2 x 10-9 mol L-1 at an accumulation time of 3 min. The effect of interfering species was evaluated and the procedure was applied to an iodide analysis in table salt, with good results.