Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(10), 1453 (2003).

Preconcentration and Speciation of Chromium in Water Samples by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Cloud-Point Extraction
Farzaneh SHEMIRANI,*  Shiva Dehghan ABKENAR,* Aazam Alsadat MIRROSHANDEL,* Masood Salavati NIASARI,** and Reyhaneh Rahnama KOZANIA*
*Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
**Department of Chemistry, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran
A rapid, sensitive and accurate atomic absorption method for Cr(III) and Cr(VI) ions was developed based on the cloudpoint extraction (CPE) technique. Cr(III) reacts with a new Schiff's base ligand to form the hydrophobic complex, which is subsequently entrapped in the surfactant micelles. The Cr(VI) assay is based on its reduction to Cr(III) by the addition of concentrated H2SO4 and ethanol to the sample solution. The condensed surfactant phase containing the metal chelates is introduced into an atomic absorption spectrometer. The relative standard deviations were 2.1% for both species and the limits of detection were around 0.17 µg l-1.