Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(10), 1421 (2003).

Theoretical Analysis of Gold-deposited Optical Fiber Sensor and Characterization of the Gold Film
Masaru MITSUSHIO,*  Shusaku HIGASHI,** and Morihide HIGO*
*Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
**Kyocera Corporation Kagoshima Hayato Plant, 999-3, Uchi, Hayato-cho, Aira-gun, Kagoshima 899-5195, Japan
Gold-deposited optical fiber sensors with film thicknesses from 30 to 60 nm were prepared, and the responses to a wide range of a refractivity (1.33 - 1.54 refractive index (RI) units) were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. The response curve of the sensor has two minima in the refractivity range from 1.33 to 1.44 and at 1.462 RI units. The former minimum is due to surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in the thin gold film, and shifts to a lower refractivity as the film becomes thicker. The response curves of the sensors with film thicknesses of 45 and 60 nm agreed well with those calculated from SPR theoretical equations. Morphology observations of the surfaces of deposited gold films on glass by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and a variation in resistance of the films with various thicknesses show the structure of the gold films. We concluded that the thin deposited gold films have many defects, and that the core of the golddeposited optical fiber leaks light through the defects to the sample solution with the same refractivity (1.462 RI units) as that of the core.