Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(9), 1067 (2001).

Determination of Trace Amounts of Total Arsenic in Environmental Samples by Hydride Generation Flow Injection-AAS Using a Mixed Acid as a Pretreatment Agent
Hayao SAKAMOTO, Yasuyo SUSA, Hiromi ISHIYAMA, Takashi TOMIYASU, and Katsuro ANAZAWA
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
A method is described for the determination of total arsenic by hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrophotometry using a mixed acid as a pretreatment. Hydride generation is done by the flow-injection method. The authors investigated in detail the temperature and time of decomposition using inorganic, organic arsenic and environmental standard samples, pretreated with nitric-perchloric-sulfuric mixed acid. By using a mixed acid as a pretreatment agent at 220°C, the decomposition time could be shortened and the blank value of arsenic from the reagents used was reduced. The mixed acid of nitric-perchloric-sulfuric was also found to be effective as a pretreatment agent for organic arsenic compounds in which a dimethylated compound, sodium cacodylate or biological samples, is known to be one of the indecomposables. The present approach was proved to be satisfactory as a pretreatment for the quantitative analysis of trace amounts of total arsenic in liquid or solid environmental samples, such as geothermal water, sediments and biological samples.