Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(9), 1043 (2001).

PVC Matrix Membrane Sensor for Potentiometric Determination of Cetylpyridinium Chloride
Microanalytical Laboratory, Applied Organic Chemistry Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
A novel cetylpyridinium chloride-selective membrane sensor consisting of cetylpyridinium-ferric thiocyanate ion pairs dispersed in a PVC matrix placticized with dioctylphthalate is described. The electrode shows a stable, near-Nernstian response for 1 x 10-3 - 1 x 10-6 mol l-1 cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) at 25°C over the pH range 1 - 6 with a cationic slope of 57.5 ± 0.4. The lower detection limit is 8 x 10-7 mol l-1 and the response time is 30 - 60 s. Selectivity coefficients for CPC relative to a number of interfering substances were investigated. There is negligible interference from many cations, anions and pharmaceutical excipients; however, cetyltrimethylammonim bromide (CTMAB) interfered significantly. The determination of 0.5 - 350 ug/ml of CPC in aqueous solutions shows an average recovery of 98.5% and a mean relative standard deviation of 1.6% at 56.0 ug/ml. The direct determination of CPC in Ezafluor mouthwash gave results that compare favorably with those obtained by the British Pharmacopoeia method. Precipitation titrations involving CPC as titrant are monitored with a CP sensor. The CP electrode has been utilized as an end point indicator electrode for the determination of anionic surfactants in some commercial detergents.