Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(3), 421 (2001).

Hydration to Benzo-15-crown-5, Benzo-18-crown-6 and the Benzo-18-crown-6-Potassium Ion Complex in the Low-Polar Organic Solvents
Yoichi KIKUCHI,  Yukiya ARAYASHIKI, and Takahisa ANADA
Laboratory of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8550, Japan
The coextraction of water with benzo-15-crown-5 (B15C5), benzo-18-crown-6 (B18C6) and the B18C6-K+ complex into seven low-polar solvents, i.e., carbon tetrachloride (CTC), chloroform (CF), dichloromethane (DCM), 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE), benzene (BZ), chlorobenzene (CB) and o-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB), has been investigated. The mean hydration number, nH2O, of these solutes in the water-saturated organic solvents was determined. There is a trend that the nH2O values for any solutes increase with increasing the water concentration in the solvents. Those of B18C6 and B15C5 converge at almost 0.8 for B18C6 and 0.4 - 0.5 for B15C5 in the solvents with the relatively high water concentration, i.e., CF, 1,2-DCE, DCM, and nitorobenzene (NB). The nH2O value of B15C5 is about one-half of that of B18C6 for a given organic solvent. The dominant species of the B18C6-K+ complex in these solvents is non-hydrated. From these results, the hydration equilibrium constants, KH2O,o, in the organic solvents were estimated.