Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(2), 291 (2001).

Solvent Effect on Ion-pair Extraction of 2-(2-Pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate Anion with Solvated Hydroxonium Ion Using Alcohols and 1-Octanol/Octane Mixed Solvents
Tetsuyoshi NAITO, Yugo TSUIKI, and Hiromichi YAMADA
Department of Applied Chemistry, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
Extraction of 2-(2-pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate anion with solvated hydroxonium ion was carried out using 14 kinds of alcohols and 1-octanol/octane mixed solvents as a solvent at 25°C. Alcohols are 1-pentanol, 1-hexanol, 1-heptanol, 2-heptanol, 3-heptanol, 4-heptanol, 1-octanol, 2-octanol, 3-octanol, 1-nonanol, 2-nonanol, 3-nonanol, 5-nonanol and 1-decanol. Among them, 1-octanol was found to be extremely high in extractability for 2-(2-pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate anion with hydroxonium cation. The extraction equilibrium for the systems using 1-octanol/octane mixed solvents was analyzed in detail in order to examine the extraction mechanism for these extraction systems. 2-(2-Pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate anion was found to be extracted with the hydroxonium ion solvated by three 1-octanol molecules as an ion-pair. The extraction and partition constants of the ion-pair of 2-(2-pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate anion with solvated hydroxonium ion were estimated in the 1-octanol/octane mixed solvent systems.