Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(11), 1325 (2001).

Broadband Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy of a Liquid Surface
Elizabeth L. HOMMEL, Gang MA, and Heather C. ALLEN 
The Ohio State University, Department of Chemistry, 100 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA
An important advance in surface science has been the evolution of sum frequency generation to the application of studying surface structure and chemistry of liquid surfaces at the molecular-level by probing the vibrational signatures of surface molecules. Recently, broad-bandwidth sum frequency generation (BBSFG) spectroscopy has become an important tool for investigating gas-solid interfaces. BBSFG spectroscopy allows, theoretically, a surface sum frequency spectrum to be acquired within one pulse of the laser. In this paper, the viability of BBSFG to study inherently small nonlinear response interfaces and the time-resolving capability of this surface-selective technology are demonstrated. Presented here are the first published accounts of spectra from a liquid surface utilizing the broad-bandwidth sum frequency technology with acquisition times as low as 500 milliseconds.