Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(1), 3 (2001).

Parameters Important in Fabricating Enzyme Electrodes Using Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiols
J. Justin GOODING,*  Paul EROKHIN, Dusan LOSIC,** Wenrong YANG,* Vanessa POLICARPIO,* Jingquan LIU,* Felix M. HO,* Manihar SITUMORANG,* D. Brynn HIBBERT,* and Joe G. SHAPTER**
*School of Chemistry, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia
**School of Chemistry, Physics and Earth Science, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, Australia
The fabrication of enzyme electrodes using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) has attracted considerable interest because of the spatial control over the enzyme immobilization. A model system of glucose oxidase covalently bound to a gold electrode modified with a SAM of 3-mercaptopropionic acid was investigated with regard to the effect of fabrication variables such as the surface topography of the underlying gold electrode, the conditions during covalent attachment of the enzyme and the buffer used. The resultant monolayer enzyme electrodes have excellent sensitivity and dynamic range which can easily be adjusted by controlling the amount of enzyme immobilized. The major drawback of such electrodes is the response which is limited by the kinetics of the enzyme rather than mass transport of substrates. Approaches to bringing such enzyme electrodes into the mass transport limiting regime by exploiting direct electron transfer between the enzyme and the electrode are outlined.