Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 16(3), 299 (2000).

Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determination of Cadmium after Coprecipitation with Nickel Diethyldithiocarbamate
Hirotoshi SATO and Joichi UEDA
Faculty of Education, Kanazawa University, Kakumamachi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
Nickel diethyldithiocarbamate (nickel DDTC) coprecipitated quantitatively 3 - 90 ng of cadmium in up to 500 cm3 of thesample solution at pH 4.0 - 11.5. The coprecipitant could be easily dissolved with nitric acid (1+1) and acetone, and 3 -90 ng of cadmium in the final solution (10 cm3 ) could be determined by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.The peak height of cadmium in atomic absorbance measurements remained almost constant, even if large amounts ofnickel DDTC (up to at least 10 mg as nickel amount) were used for the coprecipitation. The detection limit(signal/noise=2) was 1.2 pg cm-3 of cadmium in 500 cm3 of the initial sample solution. The 32 diverse ions investigateddid not interfere with the determination in at least a 1000-fold mass ratio to cadmium. The proposed method wassuccessfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of cadmium in river and sea water.