Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 15(8), 767 (1999).

Preparation and Characterization of Zirconia-Silica and Zirconia-Magnesia Supports for Normal-Phase Liquid Chromatography
Qing-He ZHANG, Yu-Qi FENG * and Shi-Lu DA
Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, P. R. China
Two kinds of zirconia-containing mixed oxide gels (zirconia-silica and zirconia-magnesia) were synthesized as rigid microparticulates by means of the sol-gel process. The physical and chemical characteristics, such as the particle-size distribution, the specific surface area, the crystal structures and the acid-base properties of the oxides, were examined. The molar ratio of Si/Zr and Mg/Zr on the surface of the two mixed oxides was estimated, respectively, by means of elec-tron spectroscopy. The chromatographic performance of zirconia-silica and zirconia-magnesia was compared to that of silica and zirconia with pyridine and phenol as solutes. The separations of nitroanilines and toluidines were achieved on the two mixed oxides under normal-phase liquid chromatographic conditions, respectively. (Keywords: Column liquid chromatography, zirconia-silica, zirconia-magnesia)