Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 15(4), 353 (1999).

Flow-Injection Assay of Superoxide Dismutase Based on the Reduction of Highly Water-Soluble Tetrazolium
Hiroyuki UKEDA, Ashok K. SARKER, Daisuke KAWANA and Masayoshi SAWAMURA
Department of Bioresources Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, Monobe B-200, Nankoku 783-8502, Japan
A flow-injection analysis (FIA) for superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was developed based on the use of tetrazolium salt, WST-1 (4-[3-(4-iodophenyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-2H-5-tetrazolio]-1,3-benzene disulfonate sodium salt) and an enzyme reactor packed with Sepharose 4B on which xanthine oxidase (XO) and catalase were co-immobilized. WST-1 is highly water-soluble, and no adhesion of the reduced form to the FIA line was observed during continuous operation for 3 months. As optimized conditions, a sample (9 vol) was mixed with a reagent solution (1 vol) containing 3 mM hypoxanthine and 2 mM WST-1, and the mixed solution (20 ml) was injected into a carrier stream of 50 mM carbonate buffer (pH 10.2) at a flow rate of 0.4 ml/min. Under the conditions, the concentration of the SOD preparation giving 50% inhibition (IC50) was 2.7 mg/ml and the sampling frequency was 30 samples/h. When the SOD activity in erythrocytes of rats was determined by the present FIA method, the values were linearly related to those obtained by the conventional nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) assay (r =0.975; n=18). The enzyme reactor was stable for at least 200 repetitive injections. (Keywords: Superoxide dismutase, flow-injection analysis, tetrazolium salt, xanthine oxidase, immobilized enzyme)