Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(9), 1247 (2021).

Electrochemical Detection of Phosphate Ion in Body Fluids with a Magnesium Phosphate Modified Electrode
Qixuan CHEN, Shuquan SUN, Guoxia RAN, Chan WANG, Wenxiu GU, and Qijun SONG
International Research Center for Photoresponsive Molecules and Materials, School of Chemical and Material Engineering, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, P. R. China
An electrochemical sensor for phosphate detection in body fluids was developed based on the hydration transition of magnesium hydrogen phosphate (newberyite, MgHPO4·3H2O). The sensor was fabricated through incubation of a multi-walled carbon nanotube/Nafion (MWCNT/Nafion) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in magnesium phosphate solution, where MgHPO4·3H2O was self-assembled on the electrode surface (denoted as MgP/MWCNT/Nafion). An electrooxidation peak at 1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl was observed when the as-prepared electrode was subjected to a differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) scan in the presence of phosphate in acetate solution. When the DPV scan was performed in 0.4 – 1.3 V vs. Ag/AgCl, a linear relationship was observed between the peak height and the phosphate concentration in the range from 0.01 to 25 μM in the presence of 0.1 mM Mg2+ in the acetate solution with a limit of detection of 32 nM. And the sensor was successfully applied for phosphate detection in human urine and saliva samples with recoveries of 94.7 – 104.4 and 96 – 103.3%, respectively.